Author Archives: Greg Turnquist

The “spice” of Pre-Edits

This blog post is coming to you late because I’m neck deep in pre-edits. Since I signed a contract, I have had a checklist of things to get done for my publisher, Clean Reads. The most exhausting: pre-edits.

Pre-edits are an opportunity to clear away the proverbial brush. There are LOTS of things we authors do when banging out a first draft.

  • Start three sentences in a row with the same word
  • Use adverbs ALL OVER THE PLACE
  • And use that insidious word “very” WAY too much. In fact, that word is so overused (without conveying any extra meaning) that my publisher makes no promises about what will happen if she sees it in a manuscript.
  • Point of View violations
  • Commas, commas, and commas

I can tell you right now: I LOATHE PRE-EDITS! I am slogging my way through the manuscript AGAIN. Trying to polish it up. (That’s what I’ve done multiple times over the past year, if not years).

Taking a calming breath, it’s important to understand that my publisher isn’t out to get me. Instead, she wants to clean up the stuff that can be easily sifted through out of the way. That way, my editors can focus on deeper, more important stuff. Like…

  • Does the story evolve in a way that holds the reader’s interest?
  • Are there too many points of view in the story? Not enough?
  • Does the dialog balance the prose well?

Stuff like this helps take a “neat idea” and catapult it. Readers may not “know” all this writing craft, or how to name it. But trust me, readers can tell a good story from a great one. (And a badly written one as well).

So for the umpteenth time, I am walking through Darklight, scene by scene, trying to clean out obvious junk and give it a final buff before I ship it off. And considering its due in 48 hours, I even took this week off to focus!

As Baron Vladimir Harkonnen likes to remind us, he who controls the spice controls the universe. Well we are the ones in charge of the spice of our novel, and having good writing without clunky junk in the way is the path toward a universe of excited readers.

Happy writing!

Why do we need experts?

In this day and age, the DIY (Do It Yourself) movement is strong. The internet has made it super simple to start reading about somthing, but a few things from Amazon, and reach and get going! On one hand, that’s really good. I’ve seen countless businesses launched in this fashion. Many show up on Shark Tank. But sometimes, we need experts. Sometimes we need people with a very focused sense of knowledge, and if we don’t hire them, we’ll end up either paying too much, or losing out on opportunity.

Real Estate Experts

I have a handful of rental properties. In fact, it’s the principal part of my retirement portfolio, given 401K funds don’t work. Every month, my tenants send in a check to my property manager. Property manager collections 10% fee, sends the rest to me. And I then send in a payment to my lender, with extra rent used to pay down the debt faster.

See how that works? It’s not hard. But it’s something in which you need the right experts in the right places.

My property management company are experts at writing leases, enforcing leases, changing locks with tenants, maintaining the property, doing background checks, and maintaining quality of that process.

But their motivation is to keep the property rented, so they resist raising rents. I recently got notice of a tenant wanting to vacate, and my property manager showed me the proposed rent rate. Within five minutes, I ALSO got an email from my other agent.

Other agent? Who’s that? I have a real estate agent on retainer whose job is to find me new tenants when my properties are available. She gets paid a month of rent for this service, meaning she is motivated to keep the rates up.

Her email tipped me of that the market rent rate of these properties had risen about 12% from what my property manager was doing. This is called “opportunity cost”, something only the right experts in the right places can alert you to.

Other Experts

But this isn’t confined to real estate. There are many areas in life where we should listen to experts. I have seen people slap together “RESTful” interfaces in many places that had nothing to do with REST. For example, I tinkered with the API for my house thermostat, only to discover it was NOTHING like REST.

curl -s -H 'Content-Type: text/json' -H 'Authorization: Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN' 'https://api.ecobee.com/1/thermostat?format=json&body=\{"selection":\{"selectionType":"registered","selectionMatch":"","includeRuntime":true\}\}'

This thing barely scratches the surface of an API. There is no hypermedia. The URIs aren’t very “pretty” (which isn’t REALLY a REST thing). It’s more of a query language than anything, which as I’ve said before, isn’t really REST.

My impression after struggling with their API, is that they are experts at building thermostats, not APIs.

Spring Experts

So if you’re seeking to work with a certain technology, a certain business, or other, it pays to go and learn what the most experienced people are doing. It’s part of why I love going to SpringOne Platform every year. I meet people that are ALSO using Spring in incredible detail against some of the largest systems.

It’s an opportunity to see how they have conquered many problems, and an opportunity to share things they may not know, making us all better Spring experts.

I signed a contract!

Something I’ve been working on for seven years now has taken a big turn. I signed a contract with Clean Reads to publish my novel, DARKLIGHT!

I’m pretty stoked about this. Of course it will be lots of work. Not even sure if it’s coming out this year or next. Either way, it’s going to be fun.

In the meantime, I invite you to go grab my short story prequel FOR FREE.

The Power of REST – Part 3

Last week in The Power of REST – Part 2, I talked about how investing effort in backward compatibility and having flexible settings, it’s possible to avoid a lot of “API versioning”, something Roy Fielding has decried. In this article, we’ll look more closely at the depth and power of hypermedia.

How does the web do it?

Let’s remember that REST is about bringing the scaleable power of the web to APIs. One of those classic features is “Hey, go to XYZ.com, click on ‘Books’, then click on ‘Fiction’, then click on ‘The Job’ and you can get a free copy.”

Recognize this pattern? No one can remember long URLs, but we all know about following a chain of menu items based on the shorthand text.

Hypermedia is providing links all along the way. We sometimes refer to this as a “discoverable” API. I once likened it to the classic ZORK text adventure, where you have a confined set of moves, yet can explore a very complex world.

When clients hard code URLs, updates become brittle. Everyone knows this, otherwise there wouldn’t be things like a CORBA Naming Service subspec. So when I see tools that not only support but advocate full focus on URIs, I cringe. This isn’t what REST is about.

It really is aimed at following a chain of links. Because that grants us an incredible power to migrate services.

Migrating a service

Imagine we had started things out with a service used to manage supervisors. It was basic, perhaps a tad crude. Maybe we were wet behind the ears and didn’t totally grok REST. Not a lot of hypermedia. But eventually, we migrated to a newer “manager” service.

The good news with hypermedia is that we can continue to serve data at the old URI:

If this fragment was served under the old URI, /supervisors/1, old clients could access the data found there. But with a push toward hypermedia consumption, they could navigate onto the newer version of things.

This legacy representation can be put together by the newer “manager” service to support the old clients.

This route, served to the old URI by the “manager” service, can actually retrieve information in the newer format, and repackage it as a legacy “Supervisor” record. But by supplying up-to-date links, we provide an on-ramp for clients to migrate.

Assuming we had shutdown the old “supervisor” service, the following DTO could nicely sustain the old clients until they were ready to move on up.

This immutable value type can take the new-and-improved “manager” object and extract the older representation smoothly.

Don’t argue the wrong end of things

I’ve seen a particular argument pop up in favor of REST many times. It brags about how links can change without impacting clients. Frankly, that argument comes across as lame and weak. That’s because it’s NEVER presented under the guise of backward compatibility. It’s kind of posed in a vacuum.

Building REST resources with full focus on backward compatibility, supporting old URIs and old formats, is a much stronger message in my book.

SOAP and CORBA weren’t designed to let you slip in an extra field here and there. At least, not without massive effort. It’s why no one ever did. Can you imagine going into an IDL/WSDL file and attempting to “slip in” an extra field to ease migration? It’s almost incomprehensible.

But with Jackson and robust principles applied, it’s easy to update a given route with additional data that can easily support two different clients. One REST resource supporting two clients: THAT is a strong argument. Not “links can change”.

Don’t preach it, use it

It’s why I’m giving you a sneak peek at something I’ve been wanting to write for about three months. I find myself attempting to explain the same concepts about REST on Twitter, at meetups. In Berlin, I ran into a dear friend that pinned me down and asked me hard questions on REST for over an hour. Bring it on! That affirmed my gut decision to create this:

Spring HATEOAS Examples

This repository contains several REST-based scenarios and how to implement them with Spring HATEOAS. It’s not complete. It hasn’t even been “publicly” announced, but it gives me a concentrated place to show how REST works compared to RPC-over-HTTP.

The numerous times I’ve watched Oliver defend REST, I too and picking up the banner and striving to help spread the word that if we can adopt HATEOAS and link-driven flows, we can build more sustainable systems.

For a little something to chew on, I’ll close this article with the following tweet.

https://twitter.com/olivergierke/status/458578827342794752

I strongly encourage you to click on it, and read the follow on conversation as people blink in shock “What’s wrong with Swagger?”

Python Testing Cookbook 2nd Edition is coming!

I had totally forgotten about this, but back in February, Packt Publishing approach me about writing a 2nd Edition to Python Testing Cookbook. This is a title I wrote back in 2011, and from which I still get royalty checks! It’s not huge. In fact, it’s more symbolic than anything. I get real a warm fuzzy knowing people are still using this book today to test their Python apps.

I declined the offer back in February, because I felt neither qualified to write it, nor motivated since I’ve shifted to writing Spring-based books. An email showed up two days ago that had been stuck in an acquisition editor’s drafts for months. They have found another author (congrats, Packt!), but since he or she can potentially use my material, they are dealing me in a slice of the royalty pie for this new work.

Yippee!

I wish this author the best of luck. And I appreciate that I’m being rewarded for past effort by being a part of this new one as well. It just goes to show that writing a book can open doors you never see happening.

Happy writing!

The Power of REST – Part 2

Last week, in The Power of REST – Part 1, I challenged someone’s proposal that their client-side query language could supplant the power of REST. It seemed to attack strawman arguments about REST. In this article, I wanted to delve a little more into what REST does and why it does it.

Basis of REST

REST was created to take the concepts that made the web successful, into API development. The success of the web, which some people don’t realize, can be summarized like this: “if the web page is updated, does the browser need an update?”

No.

When we use RCP-oriented toolkits with high specificity, one change can trigger a forced update to all parties. The clinical term for this is “brittle“. And people hate brittleness. When updates are being made, resources are no longer available.

Let’s take a quick peek at the banking industry. Despite what you think, the banking industry isn’t built up on transactions and ACID (Atomicity/Consistency/Isolation/Durability). Nope. It’s built on BASE (Basic Availability/Soft-state/Eventual consistency). An ATM machine can be disconnected from the home office, yet it will dispense cash. You can go over your limit, and still get money. But when things are made consistent, it’s you that will be paying the cost of overdrawing, not the bank.

When it comes to e-commerce, downtimes of hours/minutes/seconds can translate into millions or billions of lost dollars. (Hello, Amazon!)

Updating ALL the clients because you want to split your API’s “name” field into “firstName” and “lastName” will be nixed by management until you A) show that it doesn’t impact business or B) prove the downtime to upgrade won’t cause any loss of revenue.

Evolving an API

https://twitter.com/olivergierke/status/867819089879846914

To evolve an API, we need to reduce breakages. We need to be able to make changes to the API that WILL NOT IMPACT existing clients. Changes that allow existing clients to keep right on humming as if nothing has happened.

Eventually, they can catch up and take advantage of the new features. But only when they’re good and ready. And SOAP and CORBA were not built for this. Their definition languages (WSDL and IDL) don’t know how to be “flexible”.

But REST can. How? Let’s start with that example mentioned earlier, a resource that serves up a name. Perhaps a small piece of some e-commerce platform. You design this:

When an instance of this domain object is turned into a hypermedia-based JSON structure (through a controller we can imagine), it looks like this:

This nice bit of JSON flies around the system. You build powerful clients leveraging its vast data. Customer growth is exponential.

But suddenly, we’re victims of our own success. Your initial take on a customer representation was kind of scratched together. And now your manager darkens your door, saying, “We need first and last name. Can you do that?”

You nod and get cracking. Just need to replace name with firstName and lastName, and update all the clients. Except what you just said will incur downtime.  No, you need something a little smoother. Something that can roll out and not impact the existing clients. Instead of “versioning” your API, why not ADD TO your existing resource?

Ta-dah! Your updated domain object moves from having a single name to a first and last name, as requested. But that is not all. It also can generate that old name field, using the new data. And it can parse an incoming “name” field, turning it into your new ones.

What does this look like in JSON?

You are now sporting both the new fields AND the original one. Old clients, if they follow the conventions of REST, will simply ignore the new stuff and use the old stuff. If they need to POST an update, they know where to send it and can send just the fields they know. Your code can handle this!

Of course, you’ll have to migrate your data store before rolling this out. But again, you can maintain availability with just a LITTLE extra effort.

Honor the Robustness Principle

Be conservative in what you do, be liberal in what you accept from others.

This statement is known as the Robustness Principle. It’s what we accomplish using @JsonIgnoreProperties(ignoreUnknown = true). That annotation tells Jackson to NOT blow up when we receive an unrecognized property. Old servers can accept the new format, until they have a chance to catch up. And old clients can also talk to new servers thanks to our customized setName(wholeName) method.

By carrying around this extra sliver of information (two copies of a person’s name instead of one), we can save millions of dollars when used at scale.

And this is a core piece of REST. By avoiding antiquated concepts like versioned APIs (a requirement for CORBA and SOAP), and instead making our REST resources backwards compatible, we not only reduce downtime, we can make maintenance easier on ourselves.

If you enjoyed this, stay tuned for next week’s post, The Power of REST – Part 3, where we will dig into hypermedia.

Hidden Figures – A Really Cool Movie

Last night, I watched Hidden Figures with my wife and a friend. The story had me pinned to my seat the entire time.

This is set back in the days of the Mercury space program. Back then, before the days of digital computers, there were human computers to tally up columns of figures. And in those days, such brutal work was menial and deemed secretarial. To put it in a sentence, engineers and scientists decided what formulas to use and this pool of women would be tasked to carry it out.

In the movie, one of these human computers, Katherine Goble, an African-American woman that graduated college (at the age of 14 in mathematics!), gets picked to crunch the numbers for the team calculating launch and landing windows for astronauts.

What quickly escalates is the fact that she not only can she do the math, she can spot what formulas to use, and find the solution. She can do the job of both a human computer AND the engineer that would be giving out the task assignments.

That’s not all that escalates. Back in the 1960s, circumstances for minorities was horrendous. And this movie doesn’t gloss over the challenges she and her friends face during the height of the Civil Rights Movement while engaged in the great Space Race.

Bottom line: it’s a great movie that weaves an entertaining story that really happened. The dram is top notch. And it’s not preachy. Instead, it makes you appreciate all that was accomplished while rooting for the home team.

The Power of REST – Part 1

I was kind of shocked when I saw Yet Another Posted Solution to REST. I sighed and commented, and drew the ire of many. So I figured this might be a good time to gather some thoughts on REST.

The article starts by criticizing REST and offering their toolkit as the solution. What’s really funny, is that the problems they ding are not RESTful issues.

REST requires lots of hops

Let’s start with this one:

As you might notice, this is less than ideal. When all is said and done we have made 1 + M + M + sum(Am) round trip calls to our API where M is the number of movies and sum(Am) is the sum of the number of acting credits in each of the M movies. For applications with small data requirements, this might be okay but it would never fly in a large, production system.

Conclusion? Our simple RESTful approach is not adequate. To improve our API, we might go ask someone on the backend team to build us a special /moviesAndActors endpoint to power this page. Once that endpoint is ready, we can replace our 1 + M + M + sum(Am) network calls with a single request.

This is the classic problem when you run into when fetching a 3NF (3rd normal form) data structure served up as REST.

Tip #1: REST doesn’t prevent you from merging data or offering previews of combined data. Formats like HAL include ability to serve up _embedded data, letting you give clients what they need. Spring Data REST does this through projections, but you can use anything.

In fact, server-side providers will probably have a better insight into exactly the volume of traffic fetching such data before clients. And through the power of hypermedia, can evolve to add links to the hypermedia without breaking existing clients. Old clients can do multiple hops; new clients can proceed to consume the new links, with full backwards compatibility.

REST serves too much data

If you look closely, you’ll notice that our page is using a movie’s title and image, and an actor’s name and image (i.e. we are only using 2 of 8 fields in a movie object and 2 of 7 fields in an actor object). That means we are wasting roughly three-quarters of the information that we are requesting over the network! This excess bandwidth usage can have very real impacts on performance as well as your infrastructure costs!

Just a second ago, we complained that the REST API was serving up too little data, forcing us to take multiple hops. Now we are complaining that it serves too much data and is wasting bandwidth.

The example in the article is a bit forced, given we are probably talking a couple tweets worth of data. It’s not like they are shipping 50MB too much. In fact, big volume data (images, PDFs) would best be served as links in the hypermedia. This would let the browser efficiently fetch a linked item once, and lean on the browser’s cache.

But I sense the real derision in the article is because the endpoint isn’t tailored to the client’s precise demands. No, the real example here is to illustrate a query technique on the client.

Just put SQL in the client already!

Wouldn’t it be nice if we could build a generic API that explicitly represents the entities in our data model as well as the relationships between those entities but that does not suffer from the 1 + M + M + sum(Am) performance problem? Good news! We can!

With GraphQL, we can skip directly to the optimal query and fetch all the info we need and nothing more with a simple, intuitive query.

So now we get to the real intent of the article: introduce a query language. Presumably solving REST’s straw man “problems” (which it doesn’t).

If you want to write a highly detailed query, just open a connection the data store and query directly. That’s what query languages are for. Why invent something that’s weblike, but really just Another Query Language?

What problem are you solving?

GraphQL takes a fundamentally different approach to APIs than REST. Instead of relying on HTTP constructs like verbs and URIs, it layers an intuitive query language and powerful type system on top of our data. The type system provides a strongly-typed contract between the client and server, and the query language provides a mechanism that the client developer can use to performantly fetch any data he or she might need for any given page.

This query technology may be quite handy if you must write intense, focused queries. If cutting a couple text-based columns makes that much difference, then REST may not be solution you seek. (Of course, at that point why not just have your JavaScript frontend open a SQL/MongoDB/Neo4j connection?)

What does REST solve? REST solves the brittle problem that arose with CORBA and SOAP.

REST makes it possible to evolve APIs without forcing you to update every client at once.

Think about that. When web sites make updates, does the web browser require an update? And why?

It’s no light feat of accomplishment. People were being beaten up left right as APIs would evolve. Updates were tough. Some clients would get broken. And availability is key for web scale business. So adopting the tactics that made the web resilient into API design sounds like a keen idea to try.

Too bad not enough people actually KNOW what these concepts are, and press on to criticize REST while offering “fixes” that don’t even address its fundamentals. The solution served in the article would put strong domain knowledge into the client, resulting in tight coupling. REST doesn’t shoot for this.

Am I making this assessment up?

This “virtual graph” is more explicitly expressed as a schema. A schema is a collection of types, interfaces, enums, and unions that make up your API’s data model. GraphQL even includes a convenient schema language that we can use to define our API.

Agreed. Continuing with more tight coupling instead of letting server side logic remain server side would align with SOAP 2.0, in my opinion. And it’s something I don’t much care for.

To dig in a little more about how REST makes it possible to evolve APIs with minimal impact, wait for my next article, The Power of REST – Part 2.

Something Java should never do

I’ve been working on a pull request on Spring HATEOAS for six weeks. That’s right, six weeks. It was a community contribution, and there’s a lot to sift through. Yesterday morning, I was slated to conduct the first review with the project lead. But that wasn’t going to happen, because Java decided to do something Java should never do.

Maven wouldn’t build my project while IntelliJ IDEA would.

I was alerted to this issue Thursday morning when I created a “run all profiles” script and it wouldn’t work. Huh? Every time I’ve pushed an updated commit to Travis CI, it builds perfectly. That’s right, a CI server, running Maven, built my branch with ease. But my Mac would not.

This made no sense. This is something Java should never do! Java doesn’t work on Linux but fail on a Mac. It must be my machine, right? So I log onto my wife’s MacBook Air, update Java to the latest version, grab the source, and fire off Maven. BOOM! It breaks just the same.

So…here comes the online review with Ollie. I pronounce my inability to build the system. The man with twenty years professional experience, who has written four tech books and one tech video, who has been fighting this for twenty four hours, pleads with his manager for clues. Ollie grabs the branch, tries to build, and SPLAT. It doesn’t work. He goes through the same questions I do, and finds no answers.

We jump to our OTHER CI server, Bamboo, and he commands it to build my branch. It works. Perfectly.

Score so far: Three Macs – 0  Two Linux CI servers – 2

“Ollie, this is something Java should never do!” I scream into my Google Hangout. (Okay, maybe I didn’t scream.)

He nods along. The review is busted. We both flip to our daily standup Hangout, and Ollie’s first words are, “Greg, I know what you did.” Heh.

We wrap that meeting up, and I proceed to dig through every Stackoverflow article I can find on Lombok, maven-compiler-plugin, and Java 6. Talk about a nebulous combination. WIth enough evidence that this is Lombok’s fault, I open a ticket.

Fun day, given it’s my son’s last day of school for the year. I’m irritated at having to stop work to fetch him. My brain keeps churning the whole time. The second I get home, I have him go play. Anything to get back to my keyboard and keep trying options. I flip through a myriad of options for maven-compiler-plugin: memory, forked JDK, use Java 8, hand configure annotation processors. Nothing works.

My three-year-old is trying to climb up on me, and I push him to the side. “I must find the answer!” Time to pick up our 7-year-old arrives, and I dash off. After getting home, she is asking me to write LOGO code. “No sweetheart, I need to try something first.” I usually stop ANYTHING to help her, but I was too obsessed with this issue.

At this point, I start to De-lombok the code. Maybe if I can flip Lombok off. I get 90% of the code converted, and IT STILL WON’T BUILD! What could this possibly be? Every debug/verbose flag I activate still shows me nothing about what is actually breaking. Just some missing symbols followed a completely corrupted class.

Then I get a strange idea. A curious insight. What if the first class that Maven claims about, a nested static class, was made top level? I command IntelliJ to perform this refactoring. Poof, the error message changes. So I make the next nested static class in the list of errors top level as well.

BANG! Reading “[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS” makes my jaw drop.

I cancel all my changes, and build again. Same failure. I then strategically pick one nest static class, and move it. Everything suddenly works. What the…? This is something Java should never do.

Looking at the Jackson2HalModule (the predecessor to my work on Jackson2HalFormsModule), I count the number of nested static classes and compare to this one. The HAL parser has eight or nine, the new work has over twelve. Somehow, this enclosing class has TOO MANY NESTED STATIC CLASSES!

Not wanting to move everything into public classes, I rig up HalFormsSerializers and HalFormsDeserializers, and split up the nested static classes into these two “namespaces”. Everything is humming. This change is mind boggling. Because this is something Java should never do.

So what is happening? Still not sure, but it implies that Lombok’s annotation processor must scan every class looking for its annotations. If the class is too deep, the scanner breaks and doesn’t recover, hence causing any nested classes further on to fail. And somehow, this state is contingent on the platform, because it works jim dandy on Linux while failing on the Mac.

I copy all these details into the Lombok ticket I opened. I hope I shined a light on an issue perhaps the committers can pinpoint and fix. But for now, my PR is buffed up and reviewable again. And as I go to bed, I can finally sleep in peace, having slain another dragon in the realm of open source hacking.

 

Marketing your book with a launch group

I’ve recently been working on building up a new aspect of marketing – forming a launch group. A launch group is a close knit circle of people that help you get the word out when your book, as they say, hits the stands.

I have two fronts in progress: Darklight and Learning Spring Boot 2nd Edition.

One is my speculative fiction title that I’ve sent off to a tentative publisher. The other is my latest tech book slated to go out this September.

Getting the word out

When it comes to marketing, it’s key to get the word out. In fact, it’s so important, that I learned of an author that used Russian pirate book sites to actually distribute his novel. What had been maybe 1000 downloads per year, turned into one million downloads a year, resulting in him carrying #1 ranking on Amazon.

(I’m not ready to pull the lever on THAT strategy yet. But if you can write a fleet of books, it’s a path to consider.)

When it comes to writing, people have a rather dated concept of marketing. Perhaps some of us can remember an author visiting our hometown. We’d load everyone up in the car and drive to the bookstore to get in line, buy a copy, and have the author sign it. Sorry, but those days are long gone. Book signings draw such little attendance these days, that authors tend to lose money carrying them out.

If you’re writing a book, tech or not, you may assume your publisher will advertise and publicize it. Nein! The only marketing dollars that are getting spent are on authors that don’t need it. In other words, unless your name is Stephen King or Lee Child, publishers aren’t spending two nickels on you. You (an unestablished author) are flat out not worth the risk of that investment.

Marketing is up to the author. Each of us has to get the word out on our works. And one of those avenues can be putting together a collection of people to help share it in various circles.

Launch group, assemble!

As I said, I’m putting together two core teams of people. For each team, I have a super secret Facebook group where I share in progress work, advanced copies ahead of public release, and will host contests from time-to-time when I need help with things like character names, plot tips, and more. On the day of release, I turn to my inner circle to help blog/tweet/facebook about the title.

If you’re interested in being a part of The Undergrounders and fighting the forces that oppose Darklight‘s release, you can sign up right here.

If you’re interesting in being a part of The Turnquist Techies and helping spread the word of Spring Boot, you can sign up for that group right here.